This work is an effort to give a thorough description of the “GDE-framework” (Goals for Driver Education), which has its origin in Finnish research within the field of traffic psychology. The framework was introduced in its present extended form within the EU-funded research project GADGET (Hatakka, Keskinen, Gregersen & Glad in Gadget, 1999) and published internationally for the first time by Hatakka, Keskinen, Gregersen, Glad & Hernetkoski (2002). Stemming from the project, the framework is sometimes referred to as the “Gadget-matrix”.

The GDE-framework has been widely acknowledged within the European traffic research community as a fruitful theoretical starting point when developing traffic education.

However, being a model of quite complicated phenomena, the framework has been criticised for lack of detail. The objective of this work is therefore to try to clarify and illustrate the framework to facilitate its implementation.

The intention is not to provide hard and fast rules for what one should do on traffic school level. Some practical examples are given as general guidelines and to highlight the points raised, with no intention to try to cover every possible situation that might occur in driver education, or every pedagogical method. The authors hope that these guidelines will be of help when designing driving school curricula.

See full article as pdf under.

[pdfjs-viewer url=”” viewer_width=100% viewer_height=1360px fullscreen=true download=true print=true]